Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Fungi Preferred
Deuteromycotina Other, see comments


Name Relationship
Fungi Preferred
Ceratophora Humboldt , 1793
Blodgettia Harvey 1858
Rhizophydium Schenk, 1858
Pleolpidium A. Fischer, 1892
Mammaria Cesati ex Rabenhorst, 1854
Stereonema KŸtzing 1836
Asterothrix KŸtzing 1843
Mycinema C. Agardh 1824

MycoBank Classification

Name Relationship
Fungi Bartling Preferred
Lindavia Nieuwland Synonym
Omoriza Paulet
Outhovia Nieuwland
Pluesia Nieuwland
Weinmannodora Fries
Wrightiella Spegazzini
Xylochoeras Fries
Alytosporium (Link) Ehrenberg
Berkhoutia Verona & Ciferri
Coccopleum Ehrenberg
Hemicyphe Corda
Astoma Gray
Sclerotiomyces Woronichin
Asterothrix Kützing
Calothyriopeltis F. Stevens & R.W. Ryan
Variolaria arborea (Kreyer) Ljubarsky
Variolaria argena (Acharius) Turner
Variolaria coccodes (Acharius) Hepp
Variolaria corallina (Linnaeus) Acharius
Variolaria flavida DeCandolle
Variolaria fugax Bulliard
Variolaria griseovirens Turner & Borrer ex Smith
Variolaria hemisphaerica Flörke
Variolaria laevigata (Nylander) Darbishire
Variolaria multipuncta Turner
Variolaria ophthalmiza (Nylander) Darbishire
Variolaria polythecia Taylor
Variolaria velata (Turner) Acharius
Variolaria vitiligo (Acharius) Turner
Phragmothyriella orbicularis (Zimmermann) Höhnel
Apherulina amicta Kohlmeyer

World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)

Name Relationship
Fungi Preferred
Microspora (fungi)


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