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Overview

Comprehensive Description

General Description

A medium-size (3.5-4.0 cm wingspan) moth with two color-forms, dark-brown or grey. The grey form, most common early in the season, is light grey with little mottling, shading to dark brown in the lower half of the forewing, between the antemedian and postmedian lines and in a band from the apex to the outer lower margin. The brown form is dark red-brown over most of the forewing except for a paler grey brown area at the wing base and along the outer margin. Stigma is a curved silver bar, rounded on the outer end, with a short spur on the upper arm. The lower arm continues as the lower half of the antemedian line. Hindwings in both forms are light red-brown, with a distinct narrow postmedian band and shading to a wide dark terminal band. The antennae are simple and boht the sexes are alike.
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Distribution

Newfoundland and Labrador west across southern Canada to central British Columbia, south to northern California, Arizona and Texas. It has been found throughout the southern half of Alberta, north in the cultivated parts of the southern Boreal forest and Foothills regions to the Nordegg, Edmonton and Ashmont areas.
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occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Ecology

Habitat

Open areas, including roadsides, meadows, pastures, gardens, cropland, bogs etc.
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Trophic Strategy

No Alberta data. Elsewhere the larvae are known to feed on a wide variety of herbaceous plants as well as a few shrubs. In some areas south and east of Alberta, it is a serious pest on cultivated crops such as beets, celery, corn, lettuce, cabbage, carrots and blueberry. Reported non-cultivated hosts include plantain, clover, and Viburnum.
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Associations

Flowering Plants Visited by Anagrapha falcifera in Illinois

Anagrapha falcifera Kirby: Noctuidae, Lepidoptera
(observations are from Robertson, Graenicher, Little et al., and Willson & Bertin; this is the Celery Looper Moth)

Asclepiadaceae: Asclepias verticillata [plup sn] (WB); Apiaceae: Erigenia bulbosa sn (Rb), Zizia aurea sn (Rb); Asteraceae: Ageratina altissima sn (Gr), Aster drummondii sn (Gr), Aster laevis sn (Gr), Aster lanceolatus sn (Rb, Gr), Aster lateriflorus sn (Gr), Aster novae-angliae sn (Rb, Gr), Aster pilosus sn (Rb), Aster prenanthoides sn (Gr), Aster puniceus sn (Gr), Bidens cernua sn (Rb), Coreopsis palmata sn (Rb), Eupatoriadelphus purpureus sn (Gr), Euthamia graminifolia sn (Gr), Helianthus grosseserratus sn (Rb), Helianthus strumosus sn (Gr), Rudbeckia hirta sn (Rb), Solidago juncea sn (Gr); Boraginaceae: Lithospermum canescens sn (Rb); Caprifoliaceae: Symphoricarpos albus sn (Gr), Symphoricarpos occidentalis sn (Gr); Fabaceae: Trifolium repens sn (Rb); Lamiaceae: Glechoma hederacea sn np (Rb), Stachys palustris sn np (Rb); Liliaceae: Nothoscordum bivalve sn (Rb); Orchidaceae: Platanthera lacera sn (LDR); Polemoniaceae: Phlox divaricata laphamii sn (Rb), Phlox pilosa sn (Rb), Polemonium reptans sn fq (Rb); Rosaceae: Fragaria virginiana sn (Rb), Prunus americana sn (Rb); Rutaceae: Zanthoxylum americanum [pist sn] (Rb); Violaceae: Viola pedata sn (Rb)

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Adults have been collected in Alberta from mid-May through early September.
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Life Cycle

The adults are active during both day and at night, and are attracted to light.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Anagrapha falcifera

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 8
Specimens with Barcodes: 62
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Anagrapha falcifera

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 11 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNATAGTAGGAACATCTTTAAGATTATTAATTCGAGCAGAATTAGGAACCCCCGGATCTTTAATTGGAGATGACCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTAACAGCACATGCATTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTATTATAATTGGAGGATTTGGTAATTGACTTGTCCCTCTTATATTAGGAGCTCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCTCGTATAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGACTTTTACCTCCATCTTTAACATTACTAATTTCTAGAAGAATTGTTGAAAATGGAGCTGGTACTGGATGAACAGTGTACCCCCCACTTTCATCTAATATTGCTCACGGAGGAAGATCTGTCGATTTAGCAATTTTTTCTTTACATTTAGCTGGTATTTCATCAATTTTAGGAGCAATTAACTTTATTACTACAATTATTAATATGCGATTAAATAGACTATCTTTTGATCAAATACCTTTATTTATTTGAGCTGTTGGAATTACAGCTTTTCTTTTATTACTTTCTTTACCTGTTTTAGCAGGAGCAATTACAATACTTTTAACAGATCGTAATTTAAATACTTCCTTTTTTGACCCTGCTGGAGNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Conservation Status

A common, widespread species; no concerns.
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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Anagrapha falcifera

The Celery Looper (Anagrapha falcifera) is a moth of the Noctuidae family. It is found from Newfoundland, Labrador and Southern Canada to Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, Arizona, Idaho, Washington and Oregon.

Adult on leaf, showing the great camouflage

The wingspan is 35–40 mm.

The larvae feed on beets, blueberries, clover, corn, lettuce, plantain, viburnum and other low plants.

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