Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
view in classification
Family Import Genus
BOLD images
  • Aphodiinae
BOLDS images II Subfamily
EOL Group on Flickr Family
EOL hotlist Scratchpad Family
  • Aphodiidae
Environments Family
GBIF Elevation Data Family
GBIF national node classification resource: Germany Family
Global Biotic Interactions Family
Global Biotic Interactions Subfamily
  • Aphodiinae Import Import
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa Import Family
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
view in classification
Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Family
Library of Alexandria Family
Library of Alexandria Family
NCBI Taxonomy
view in classification
NMNH Entomology resource Family
OBIS Environmental Information
  • Aphodiidae
Paleobiology Database
view in classification
Plazi Treatments Family
Smithsonian type specimen data Family
Animal Diversity Web Descriptions Family


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!