Wikipedia

Flammula

Flammula is a dark brown-spored genus of mushrooms that cause a decay of trees and often fruit at their bases forming clusters of yellowish brown mushrooms.

Taxonomy[edit]

Flammula malicola, Meander Forest Reserve, Tasmania, Australia

For nearly a century, Flammula was considered to be a synonym of Pholiota, a mushroom genus in the Strophariaceae. Molecular analysis placed it outside of the Strophariaceae[1][2][3] and specifically in the Hymenogastraceae[4] As a distinct genus, the name Flammula is currently used.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, Johnson JE, James TY, Catherine Aime M, Hofstetter V, Verduin SJ, Larsson E, Baroni TJ, Greg Thorn R, Jacobsson S, Clémençon H, Miller OK. (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23 (3): 357–400. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00027-1. PMID 12099793. 
  2. ^ Walther G, Garnica S, Weiß M. (2005). "The systematic relevance of conidiogenesis modes in the gilled Agaricales". Mycological research 109 (5): 525–44. doi:10.1017/S0953756205002868. PMID 16018308. 
  3. ^ Gulden GØ, Stensrud K, Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Kauserud H. (2005). "Galerina Earle: A polyphyletic genus in the consortium of dark-spored agarics" (PDF). Mycologia 97 (4): 823–837. doi:10.3852/mycologia.97.4.823. PMID 16457352. 
  4. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS. (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview" (PDF). Mycologia 98 (6): 982–95. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974. 
  5. ^ Redhead SA. (2013). "(2128) Proposal to conserve the name Flammula (Fr.) P. Kumm.(Fungi: Agaricales) against Flammula (Webb ex Spach) Fourr. (Spermatophyta: Ranunculaceae)". Taxon 62 (2): 401–402. 


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