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Cytinus hypocistis

Cytinus hypocistis is an ant-pollinated[4] species of parasitic plant in the family Cytinaceae having four subspecies. It is found primarily in locations that surround the Mediterranean Sea,[5] and is the type for the genus Cytinus.[6] The binomial has been conserved.[6]


Cytinus hypocistis is native to Albania; Algeria; Crete; Croatia; Cyprus; Greece; France (including Corsica); Israel; Italy (including Sardinia and Sicily); Lebanon; Libya; Malta; Morocco; Portugal; Spain (including both the Balearic and Canary Islands); Syria; Tunisia; and Turkey.[5]

The subspecies macranthus is native to Portugal and western Spain; orientalis is native to southern Greece and Crete; and pityusensis is endemic to Ibiza of the Balearic Islands.[2]


Cytinus hypocistis has been used in traditional medicine to treat dysentery and tumors of the throat, and has been used for its astringent qualities.[7]


  1. ^ a b Under its currently accepted binomial (Cytinus hyocistis), from its basionym (Asarum hypocistis), this species was first published in Genera Plantarum Eorumque Characteres Naturales Secundum Numerum, Figuram, Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium. (Ed. 6). Stockholm. 6. 576 ["566"]. 1764. id=316032-1 "Plant Name Details for Cytinus hypocistis". IPNI. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Flora Europaea Search Results for hypocistis and Cytinus". Flora Europaea. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  3. ^ This species, originally as Asarum hypocistis, was first described and published in Species Plantarum 1: 442. 1753. "Plant Name Details for Asarum hypocistis". IPNI. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  4. ^ Clara de Vega, Montserrat Arista, Pedro L. Ortiz, Carlos M. Herrera, & Salvador Talavera (May 2009). "The ant-pollination system of Cytinus hypocistis (Cytinaceae), a Mediterranean root holoparasite". Annals of Botany 103 (7): 1065–1075. doi:10.1093/aob/mcp049. PMC 2707910. PMID 19258337. 
  5. ^ a b GRIN (April 9, 2007). "Cytinus hypocistis information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Name - !Cytinus L.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 15, 2012. "T: Cytinus hypocistis (L.) L.; annotation: nom. cons." 
  7. ^ James A. Duke. "Cytinus hypocistis (RAFFLESIACEAE)". Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 


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