Lomatia ferruginea, commonly known as Fuinque, is a small evergreen tree in the family Proteaceae native to Chile. It grows from Curicó Province to Magallanes (35 to 49°). It is found mostly in deep and moist soils.
Lomatia ferruginea measures up to 6 m tall, evergreen, with few branches, newly shoots are covered in reddish-brown hairs, Composite, bipinnate, fern-like opposite and peciolate leaves, 13-14 long and 8-10 wide, green above and reddish-brown below. The flowers are hermaphrodite and pedicelate, 2 cm long, in racemes shorter than the leaves, made up by 14-16 opposite flowers, grayish-yellow in bud, every flower is formed by 4 tepals which are oval lanceolate bicolor, reddish brown with green apex, then thinned and again wide at the concave apex of 1.5 cm long, with sessile anthers at the concave apex of the petals, long style, red bulky and oblique stigma, the fruit is a woody dark brown follicle, 3.5-4.0 wide and 1 cm long, made up by two valves, thin pedicelate, like a peduncle downwards, upwards prolonged at the style, it has many imbricate seeds, winged and truncated at the tip, 1.5 cm wide and 0.5 mm.
Antonio José Cavanilles described the species. The genus name Lomatia comes from the Greek lomas, because of the seed's edge, and ferruginea from Latin meaning ferrous or rusty referring to the reddish-brown color in new buds.
Cultivation and uses
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