Overview

Distribution

Distribution: Atlantic, eastern Pacific, Tasmania, and New Zealand. Dorsal fins 2, except Lyconodes with one. Second dorsal fin and anal fin with a posterior notch. Chin barbel lacking. Small cycloid scales. Teeth present on head of vomer. Spinous first principal dorsal ray. Mouth large and terminal; long, pointed teeth in most species. A large V-shaped ridge appears on the upper side of the head. Pelvic fin rays 7-10. Branchiostegal rays 7. Pyloric caeca absent. Species of Merluccius are voracious predators inhabiting the continental shelf and upper slope. The three species of Macruronus live in large schools on the continental shelf in Subantarctic waters.
  • MASDEA (1997).
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:604Public Records:254
Specimens with Sequences:535Public Species:17
Specimens with Barcodes:471Public BINs:11
Species:19         
Species With Barcodes:19         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Merlucciidae

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Merlucciidae

Merlucciidae are a family of cod-like fish, including most hakes.[1] They are native to cold water in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and typically found at depths greater than 50 metres (160 ft) in subtropical, temperate, sub-Arctic or sub-Antarctic regions.

The best known species are in the genera Macruronus and Merluccius. These are large, up to 1.55 m (5 ft 1 in) in length (though most only reach about half that length), predatory fish inhabiting the waters of the continental shelf and upper continental slope, where they feed on small fish such as lanternfishes. Several species are important commercial fish, for example the blue grenadier (Macruronus novaezelandiae) that is fished in the southwest Pacific and the North Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) that is fished off western North America.

References

  1. ^ Lloris, Domingo (2005). Hakes of the world (family Merlucciidae) : an annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 92-5-104984-X. available for download at http://www.fao.org
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