The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • C. Arambourg and L. Bertin. 1958. Super-ordres des holostéens et des halecostomes (Holostei et Halecostomi) [Superorders of holosteans and halecostomes (Holostei et Halecostomi)]. In P.-P. Grasse (ed.), Traité de Zoologie: Anatomie, Systématique, Biologie. Agnathes et Poissons: Anatomie, Éthologie, Systématique. Masson et Compagnie, Paris 13(3):2173-2203
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • WoRMS (2013). Lepisosteiformes. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2013) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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