The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A., and Christopher H. C. Lyal. 1999. A World Catalogue of Families and Genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) (Excepting Scotylidae and Platypodidae). 315
  • Cheng, L. (2015). Apionidae Schönherr, 1823. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Lawrence, J. F., and A. F. Newton, Jr. / Pakaluk, James, and Stanislaw Adam Slipinski, eds. 1995. Families and subfamilies of Coleoptera (with selected genera, notes, references and data on family-group names). Biology, Phylogeny, and Classification of Coleoptera: Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson, vol. 2. 779-1006
  • Sharp, D. & Champion, G.C. 1889-1911. Insecta. Coleoptera. Rhynchophora. Curculionidæ. Attelabinæ, Pterocolinæ, Allocoryninæ, Apioninæ, Thecesterninæ, Otiorhynchinæ. Vol. 4, part 3. Godman, F.D. & Salvin, O. (Eds.). London: R.H. Porter.


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