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Derbidae

Derbidae is a family of insects in the order Hemiptera, the true bugs. It is one of the largest and most diverse families of planthoppers.[1] It is widely distributed around the world, especially in the tropics, and with many species in subtropical and temperate regions.[2]

Adult derbids feed on plants, and nymphs feed on fungi,[3] Many adults are host-specific, feeding on a single plant species, and hide under leaves.[4]

Many derbids are easily recognized as such by their "unusual" appearance, while others are less distincive and difficult to identify. The family is characterized by a row of spines on the rear leg and a short segment at the tip of the beak. The head may be quite compressed in shape. The wings are variable. Some species hold their wings outward at rest as moths do, while others keep them parallel to the body.[4] Some have simple wings, and others have very long forewings and short hindwings.[5]

The family Derbidae contains nearly 1700 species in about 159 genera.[6] These are classified in three subfamilies:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rahman, M. A., et al. (2012). Taxonomic revision of the tribe Zoraidini (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Derbidae) from Korea. Entomological Research 42(5), 227-42.
  2. ^ Emeljanov, A. F. and M. J. Fletcher. (2004). Hemielissum evansi, a new genus and species of Breddiniolini (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha), being the first Australian record of the tribe, with a discussion of the taxonomic position of the Breddiniolini. Australian Journal of Entomology 43(1), 38-42.
  3. ^ Planthopper Identification. Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy (PEET) Workshop, Albany, New York. 2007.
  4. ^ a b North American Derbidae. College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. University of Delaware.
  5. ^ Hamilton, K. A. (2011). Making sense of Fulgoroidea (Hemiptera): new phylogenetic evidence. Cicadina 12, 57-79.
  6. ^ Burgoin, T. (2013). Derbidae Spinola, 1839. Fulgoromorpha Lists on the Web (FLOW) v.8. Accessed 20 November 2013.

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