Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Sandy rock region of scrub jungles
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub
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Description

Pavonia zeylanica (L.) Cav. Syn Nym- Hibiscus zeylanicus.

Sub shrub ca 1m tall, branchlets viscid and stellate pubescent. Leaves deeply 3 - lobed, 0.7 - 1.7 x 0.7 - 1.7 cm, 3- 5 nerved at base, lobes obovate, cuneate at base, margin dentate, apex obtuse to acute, petiole 0.6 - 2 cm, stipule to 1 mm, flowers axillary, solitary, 1.5 cm across, pedicel 2 cm, accrescent to 4 cm, epicalyx segments 8-11, setaceous, 8mm, calyx tube 1.5mm, lobes 5 to 2mm, petals 5, bright pink or white, 7x 4 mm, staminal column to 7 mm, schizocarp to 5mm, mericarp winged at edges, 1.5mm, seeds 2.5mm, pubescent.

Growing from coastal area to 1000m, wastelands, margins of agriculture field.

DIstribution: India , Srilanka, tropical Africa, Mauratious.

Chitthamutti (Tamil), used in siddha system of medicine.

  • Mathew, K.M.1983 The Flora of Tamil Nadu carnatic, Part 1, Polypetalae, The Rapinat Herbarium , Tiruchirapalli - 620002
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Distribution

"Maharashtra: Ahemdnagar, Pune Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara Kerala: Idukki, Palakkad"
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"Found along the roadsides and wastelands from plains to 400m. Common. India, Sri Lanka, tropical Africa and Mauritius."
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"
Global Distribution

Paleotropics

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Idukki, Palakkad

"
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Physical Description

Morphology

"
Flower

Solitary, axillary; pink or white. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit

A schizocarp; mericarp winged at edges; seeds pubescent. Fruiting throughout the year.

Field tips

Branchlets viscid and stellate pubescent. Leaves deeply 3-lobed. Epicalyx segments 8-11.

Leaf Arrangement

Alternate distichous

Leaf Type

Deeply 3-lobed

Leaf Shape

Obovate

Leaf Apex

Acute-obtuse

Leaf Base

Cuneate

Leaf Margin

Dentate

"
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Habit: A small viscid subshrub, upto 1m."
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Diagnostic

"Subshrubs; branchlets viscid, pubescent. Leaves 2-3 x 3-3.5, deeply 3-lobed, lobes distantly dentate, sinuses rounded, lobes obovate, pubescent; petiole 3-4 cm long, stipules linear. Flowers axillary, solitary; epicalyx 8-10, 7 mm long, linear; sepals basally connate about one-third, lobes 3 mm long, ovate, pubescent; petals 7 x 5 mm, obovate, pink or white; staminal column 6 mm long. Schizocarp 4 mm long, mericarps 4 x 3 mm, slightly winged on the margin."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Subshrub
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

Sandy rock region of scrub jungles
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: July-December
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Differ from the earlier by its obovate leaf segments and winged mericarp.
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