The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
- J. Sarvala, Paarjarven energiatalous, Luonnon Tutkija 78(4-5):181-190, from p. 184 (1974).
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1976. Fishes of the World, First Edition. xiii + 416
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
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