Overview

Comprehensive Description

Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub to Small Tree
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Summary

Rare along streams in low elevation evergreen forests.
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Distribution

Range Description

A very poorly known species, recorded from a single unspecified locality.
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Global Distribution

Western Ghats

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Thrissur, Idukki

"
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Endemic Distribution

Western Ghats
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Endemic to the Western Ghats- recorded from Puyamkutti river (Malayatoor Division) in South Sahyadri and Coorg Region in Central Sahyadri.
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Trees; branchlets slender, minutely grey tomentellous, hairs very thin, wavy. Terminal bud small with the same indumentum, Leaves opposite and sub-opposite, 1.5 x 11-2 x 14 cm, chartaceous, linear-oblong, attenuate-acuminate, base attenuate-acute, above glabrous, smooth, midrib prominulous, the sub-basal lateral nerves faint, below initially sparsely, minutely tomentellous, obscurely, minutely, smoothly reticulate, midrib prominent, the sub-basal (starting at different heights) lateral nerves reaching 2/3 the lamina length, but then continuing in large loops to the apex, in this lamina part the loops belong actually to a few, rather patent, faint lateral nerves; secondary nerves faint, parallel, sub-horizontal, ca. 2 mm apart; in the gradually attenuate leaf tip numerous more distinct lateral nerves. Petiole very slender, sparsely, minutely tomentellous, 5-8 mm long, flattened above. Infructescences in the axils of terminal leaves with slender, glabrous, 5-8 cm long peduncle unbranched or with a single, apical, 1 cm long branch. Fruit ellipsoid, smooth, 7 x 12 mm; fruit pedicel obconical, 8-10 mm long, slender. Cupula none or shallow, the flaring, indurate, stiff, ovate, acutish, 4 mm long, persistent tepals inside densely, coarsely appressed pilose."
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Diagnostic

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Habit

Trees up to 12 m tall.

Branches and Branchlets

Branchlets terete, slender, minutely grey tomentose.

Leaves

Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite, petiole 0.5-0.8 cm, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 3.5-10 x 1.2-2 cm, linear-lanceolate, apex narrowly acute to acuminate, base acute, chartaceous, sparsely minutely tomentose beneath when young; trinerved, suprabasal, lateral nerves not reaching leaf apex; tertiary nerves horizontally percurrent, faintly visible, higher order nerves closely reticulate.

Inflorescence / Flower

Inflorescence few flowered axillary panicles, slender.

Fruit and Seed

Berry, ellipsoid, 1 cm long; fruiting calyx cup shallow, lobes persistent, ovate, 0.4 cm long; seeds 1.

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Type Information

Isosyntype for Cinnamomum pedunculatum var. angustifolium Hemsl.
Catalog Number: US 800581
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Henry
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Ichang, Nanto., Hupeh, China, Asia-Temperate
  • Isosyntype: Hemsley, W. B. 1891. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 373.
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Isosyntype for Cinnamomum pedunculatum var. angustifolium Hemsl.
Catalog Number: US 800160
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Henry
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Ichang, Nanto., China, Asia-Temperate
  • Isosyntype: Hemsley, W. B. 1891. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 373.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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General Habitat

Along the banks of streams in semi-evergreen forests
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General Ecology

Ecology

Rare along streams in low elevation evergreen forests.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: November-MArch
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1998
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s
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