Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Evergreen Forests. Endemic to Western Ghats
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Tree
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Distribution

Range Description

Known only from the type collection in the Agastyamalai Hills.
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"
Global Distribution

Western Ghats

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Thiruvananthapuram

"
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Endemic Distribution

Western Ghats
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Kerala: Thiruvananthapuram
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Trees, to 6 m high. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm long, slender, pubescent; lamina 3-7 x 2-4 cm, ovate, base acute, obtuse or round, apex caudate-acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous above, sparsely appressed hairy beneath; 3-ribbed from the base, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, ca. 11 mm long; perianth tube ca. 3 mm long; lobes 1.5 mm long, red, ovate, acute; stamens many in 3 rows, ca. 1.5 mm long, anthers truncate, glandular, 4-loculed; filaments villous; staminodes ca. 0.5 mm long, ovate, acute; ovary inferior, ca. 2 x 1.5 mm, globular, 1-ovuled; styles ca. 1 mm long; stigma faintly 3-lobed. Fruit a berry, ca. 1.4 x 1 cm, ellipsoid."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Shrub
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species occurs in the forest understorey at 1,400 m.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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General Habitat

Evergreen forests
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: February-May
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1+2c

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1998
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s
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Endangered
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Threats

Major Threats
Large areas have been exposed to fires, grazing, the establishment of commercial plantations and cutting for fuelwood
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
About 1,000 km² of forest remain protected within sanctuaries.
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