The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
- E. D. Cope. 1886. A contribution to the vertebrate paleontology of Brazil. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 23(121):1-21
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600