Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

 Desmacidon fruticosum are orange-pink, encrusting or massive sponges that form mounds with vertical extensions. The extensions sometimes exhibit longitudinal grooves, are finely rough with stiff hairs and are usually orientated towards the water surface whatever the angle of the substratum. The excurrent openings (oscula) are small and scattered about the body of the sponge. Desmacidon fruticosum produces large quantities of mucus when out of water.
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Source: Marine Life Information Network

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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Halichondria cylindracea Bowerbank, 1882
Catalog Number: USNM 5111
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Slide
Locality: County Durham, England, United Kingdom, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 37 to 46
  • Holotype: Bowerbank. 1882. Ray Society. 4: 96-98, pl.6, f.4-8.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 256 - 274
  Temperature range (°C): 13.959 - 13.959
  Nitrate (umol/L): 5.997 - 5.997
  Salinity (PPS): 35.258 - 35.258
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.776 - 4.776
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.690 - 0.690
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.967 - 2.967

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 256 - 274
 
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 Grows on hard substratum in the sublittoral.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

©  The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

Source: Marine Life Information Network

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