This plant is endemic to the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula
In Spain, it is distributed into five locations, with an area of occupancy of 15 km². Decreasing trends have been observed in its area of occupancy.
In Portugal, range trend magnitude is 61 km² (ICNB 2007). Decreasing trends have been reported for its distribution (Commission of the European Communities 2009).
Portugal: Algarve, Alentejo e Estremadura
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
In Spain, total population size has been estimated in 198,432 individuals and decreasing population trends have been observed (Bañares et al. 2010). In 2008 the species was re-introduced to the location Isla Cristina, where it was extinct and within the protected area Paraje Natural de las Marismas del Odiel.
In Spain, main threats to this species are habitat reduction and degradation due to urbanisation and high presence of visitors during the summer season, when flowering and fructification are occurring (Bañares et al. 2010). Predation by goats has been also reported as a threat.
Thymus carnosus is listed on Annex II of the Habitat Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is included as species "En peligro de extinción" in the regional catalogue of threatened wild flora of Andalucía. It is listed as CR B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v) in the Spanish Red Databook 2010 (Bañares et al. 2010). It is legally protected in Portugal.
Most of the populations occur within protected areas: Paraje Natural de los Enebrales de Punta Umbría, Paraje Natural Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido, Reserva Natural Laguna de El Portil, Parque Natural de las Marismas del Odiel.
Proposed measures include population monitoring, regulate access to the coast and urban expansion, and expansion of protected areas.
Thymus carnosus is a native endemic to southern Portugal. It is a woody, upright perennial to 41 cm (16 in) tall, with clusters of fleshy, oval, light green to grey-green leaves, furry on their undersides.
The white, lilac, or pink flowers are borne on 41 cm (16 in) spikes and are protected by oval green bracts.
The plant is hardy from USDA Zones 7-11.
References[edit source | edit]
- Griffiths, Mark. Index of Garden Plants. (Portland: Timber Press, Inc., 1994; ISBN 0-88192-246-3.)
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