Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Gentiana acaulis is endemic to Europe and found in montane areas in Central and southern Europe. It occurs in the Carpathian Mountains, in the northern Balkan Peninsula, Alps, Apennines, Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains and in the Sistema Ibérico (Talaveras et al. 2012).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Gentiana acaulis is a herb that grows in alpine grassland, shrubland, rocky places and forest clearings, on acidic soil (Talaveras et al. 2012, Klotz et al. 2002, Peev and Vladimirov 2011).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Gentiana acaulis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gentiana acaulis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Bilz, M.

Reviewer/s
Schippmann, U.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is classified as Least Concern as although it is threatened in parts of its range, it has stable populations in other parts and is unlikely to decline severely in the near future. The overall risk of extinction is low.
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Population

Population
The overall trend of the European population is difficult to determine. It is threatened and probably declining in some countries, but of Least Concern in others. It has been described as one of the most common alpine and sub-alpine Gentian species in Central Europe by other sources (Badarau and Malos 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
In Bulgaria, collection of the species has been reported as a threat as well as disturbance by tourists and grazing (Peev and Vladimirov 2011). No other information about threats is available.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is protected at national level in Germany (Bundesamt für Naturschutz 2010) and Bulgaria (Peev and Vladimirov 2011), and regionally protected in France and Switzerland. It is listed in the following national Red Lists:
  • Regionally Extinct in Czech Republic (Holub and Procházka 2000)
  • Critically Endangered in Bulgaria (Peev and Vladimirov 2011)
  • Vulnerable in Germany (level 3 - Ludwig and Schnittler 1996)
  • Data Deficient in Croatia (Nikolić and Topić 2005)
  • Least Concern in Switzerland (Moser et al. 2002)

Some of the Bulgarian sites are included in a national park and in a Natura 2000 site. Seeds for ex situ preservation are collected in Bulgaria (Peev and Vladimirov 2011).

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