Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Climber
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Distribution

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Global Distribution

Peninsular India and Sri Lanka

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Idukki, Palakkad

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"Maharashtra: Satara Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Dharwar, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara Kerala: Idukki Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Kancheepuram, Puddukkottai, Ramanathapuram, Thiruvallur, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram"
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Very rare in the forest thickets and fences from plains to 400m. Peninsular India.
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Physical Description

Morphology

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Flower

Solitary or in cymes; corolla brownish-purple, tube 2 cm, lobes 5, with deciduous hairs near apex. Flowering from November-January.

Fruit

A paired follicles, linearly cylindric, apically narrowed; seeds many, coma silky. Fruiting December onwards.

Field tips

Stem often purplish-brown. Latex watery.

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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Leafless twiners, sap watery, stem striated. Cymes axillary; peduncles 1 cm; pedicels 1 cm long. calyx 5-lobed, 5 x 1 mm, lanceolate; corolla basally inflated, curved, tube 2.5 cm long, widened at mouth, lobes 5, 3 cm long, fused at apex, inside with brown hairs; outer corona 5, with 2-fid lobes, 3 mm; inner of 5 subulate lobes; pollinia erect, pellucid along margins; ovaries 2 mm, stigma truncate. Follicles paired, 20 x 1 cm, linear-lanceolate, hooked at apex."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Herb
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Diagnostic

Habit: A leafless twiner to 6m.
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: October-January
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Medicinal
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