The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ashley TR, Wiseman BR, Davis FM, Andrews KL. 1989. The fall armyworm: a bibliography. Florida Entomologist 72: 152-202.
  • Capinera, J.L. 1999, latest revision November 2005. Fall Armyworm. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Featured Creatures. Publication number: EENY-98 Retrieved September 23, 2011 from
  • Foster RE. 1989. Strategies for protecting sweet corn ears from damage by fall armyworms (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in southern Florida. Florida Entomologist 72: 146-151.
  • George Beccaloni, Malcolm Scoble, Ian Kitching, Thomas Simonsen, Gaden Robinson, Brian Pitkin, Adrian Hine & Chris Lyal (2013). LepIndex: LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (version 12.3,). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (03/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Lafontaine, J. Donald, and B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys, vol. 40. 1-239
  • Luginbill P. 1928. The Fall Armyworm. USDA Technical Bulletin 34. 91 pp.
  • Marenco RJ, Foster RE, Sanchez CA. 1992. Sweet corn response to fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) damage during vegetative growth. Journal of Economic Entomology 85: 1285-1292.
  • Mitchell ER. 1978. Relationship of planting date to damage by earworms in commercial sweet corn in north central Florida. Florida Entomologist 61: 251-255.
  • Pair SD, Gross HR Jr. 1984. Field mortality of pupae of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith), by predators and a newly discovered parasitoid, Diapetimorpha introita. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 19: 22-26.
  • Pitre HN, Hogg DB. 1983. Development of the fall armyworm on cotton, soybean and corn. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 18: 187-194.
  • Sparks AN. 1979. A review of the biology of the fall armyworm. Florida Entomologist 62: 82-87.
  • Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 31 August, 2011. Army worm. Retrieved September 23, 2011 from


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