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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Ecology

Associations

Flowering Plants Visited by Spodoptera frugiperda in Illinois

Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith: Noctuidae, Lepidoptera
(this observation is from Graenicher; this is the Fall Armyworm Moth)

Hamamelidaceae: Hamamelis virginiana sn (Gr)

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Spodoptera frugiperda

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 51 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CGAAAATGACTTTATTCAACAAATCATAAAGATATTGGAACATTATATTTTATTTTTGGAATTTGAGCAGGGATAGTAGGTACTTCTTTA---AGTTTATTAATTCGAGCTGAATTAGGGACTCCAGGATCTTTAATTGGAGAT---GATCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTAACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTATTATAATTGGAGGATTTGGAAATTGACTTGTACCTTTAATA---TTAGGAGCCCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCACGTATAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGACTTTTACCCCCATCTTTAACTTTATTAATTTCTAGTAGCATTGTAGAAAATGGAGCAGGAACTGGATGAACAGTTTACCCCCCCCTCTCCTCTAATATTGCTCATGGCGGTAGTTCAGTAGATTTA---GCTATTTTCTCACTTCATTTAGCTGGAATTTCATCTATTTTAGGAGCTATTAACTTTATTACTACTATTATTAATATACGATTAAATAATTTATCATTTGATCAAATACCTTTATTTATTTGAGCTGTAGGTATTACTGCATTCTTATTATTATTATCTTTACCTGTTTTAGCCGGA---GCTATTACTATATTACTTACTGATCGAAATTTAAATACATCATTTTTCGATCCTGCAGGTGGAGGTGATCCTATTCTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Spodoptera frugiperda

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 57
Specimens with Barcodes: 143
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Fall armyworm

The Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) is part of the order of Lepidoptera and is the larval (see caterpillar) life stage of a Fall Armyworm Moth. It is regarded as a pest and can wreak havoc with crops if left to multiply. Its name is derived from its feeding habits. They will eat everything in an area and once the food supply is exhausted the entire "army" will move to the next available food source.

Description[edit]

The larvae are a dull yellow to gray with stripes running down the length of the body. The mature caterpillar is approximately 1.5 to 2 inches (51 mm) in length.[1]

Illustration

Habitats[edit]

The fall armyworm is widely distributed in eastern and central North America and in South America; it cannot survive freezing temperatures.[2][3]

Fall armyworm

Feeding habits[edit]

The armyworm's diet consists mainly of grasses and small grain crops. An infestation is hard to detect as the caterpillars migrate to new feeding areas in the cool of the night. When the caterpillars near maturity, they can lay waste to an entire crop in a few days.

Infestations[edit]

In 1998, Illinois was hard hit by fall armyworms.[4]

Research use[edit]

Spodoptera frugiperda cells (Sf9 and Sf21 cell lines) are commonly used in biomedical research for the purpose of recombinant protein expression using insect-specific viruses called baculoviruses.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kathy L. Flanders, Donald M. Ball, Patricia P. Cobb. University of Alabama and Auburn University Extension Office. August 2011. Management of Fall Armyworm in Pastures and Hayfields
  2. ^ Murúa MG et al. (2009) Natural distribution of parasitoids of larvae of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, in Argentina Journal of Insect Science 9(20)
  3. ^ Meagher RL and Nagoshi RN (2004) Population dynamics and occurrence of Spodoptera frugiperda host strains in southern Florida Ecological Entomology 29(5): s 614–620
  4. ^ Mike Gray, University of Illinois Extension Office. July 10, 1998 Fall Armyworms: Many Southern Illinois Cornfields Are Infested
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