Overview

Brief Summary

The surfperches (Embiotocidae) are a family of 24 species. Most inhabit nearshore waters off of western North America, though a few species are also found in the seas surrounding Japan. They span a range of trophic strategies and include planktivores, benthic carnivores, omnivores, and oral winnowers. Surfperches are viviparous, or live-bearing, fishes.

At most speeds, surfperches swim by beating their pectoral fins, not their tail as many other fishes do. For more information about pectoral fin swimming in surfperches, see the species pages for Cymatogaster aggregata and Embiotoca lateralis under Morphology.

A well-supported hypothesis describing the evolutionary relationships between surfperch species has been proposed by Bernardi and Bucciarelli (1999).

  • Bernardi, G. and Bucciarelli, G. 1999. Molecular phylogeny and speciation of the surfperches (Embiotocidae, Perciformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 13(1): 77-81.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 275
Specimens with Sequences: 155
Specimens with Barcodes: 153
Species: 17
Species With Barcodes: 16
Public Records: 138
Public Species: 14
Public BINs: 13
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Surfperch

The surfperches are a family of perciform fishes, Embiotocidae. They are mainly found in northeast Pacific Ocean (as far south as Baja California), but a few species (genera Ditrema and Neoditrema) are found in the northwest Pacific, and the tule perch is found in freshwater habitats in California, USA. The largest species in the family reaches 47 cm (19 in).

They are viviparous fishes, in which the embryo is nourished directly by the mother, as well as the yolk. This gives the family its scientific name, from Greek embios meaning "persistent" and tokos meaning "birth".

Timeline of genera[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). "Embiotocidae" in FishBase. April 2013 version.
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