The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
- Fautin D, Dalton P, Incze LS, Leong J-AC, Pautzke C, et al. 2010. An Overview of Marine Biodiversity in United States Waters. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11914. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011914
- Haemulidae. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. 3, 1522-1527. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2002).
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- R. Betancur-R. and R. E. Broughton. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLOS Currents Tree of Life
- Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al. 1991. Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fifth Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 20. 183