Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
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OBIS Environmental Information
  • Aphrodita Linnaeus, 1758
BOLDS images II Genus
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa Genus
EOL Group on Flickr Genus
GBIF national node type records: Germany Genus
Global Biotic Interactions Genus
Global Biotic Interactions Genus Import Import Genus
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
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MarLIN resource Genus
NCBI Taxonomy
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NMNH Invertebrate Zoology resource Genus
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
OBIS depth range resource Genus
Ocean Genome Resource- genomic DNA available Genus
Ocean Genome Resource- genomic DNA available
Reid et al, 2012 Genus
Reid et al, 2012
Invertebrates of the Salish Sea Genus
Smithsonian type specimen data
Smithsonian type specimen data Genus
AntIZ taxon descriptions Genus
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012
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Type data from iDigBio Genus
World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)
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Wikimedia Commons Genus
Wikipedia Genus


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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