The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ency. Méth. (Vers), 1 (2), xv, 546.
  • Paratype:
  • Paratype: Houbrick, R. S. 1992. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 510: 94-97.
  • Syntype: Jeffreys, J. G. 1885. Proc. Zool. Soc. London. 1885: pg. 55, pl. 6, figs. 5-5a.
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526


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