The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • "Mayfly." Wikipedia. 2013. .
  • "Mayfly." Wikipedia. 2013. .
  • Borror, D. J., C. A. Triplehorn, and N. F. Johnson. 1989. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. Sixth Edition. Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia.
  • Borror, Donald, Charles Triplehorn, and Norman Johnson. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. 6th ed. Saunders College Publishing, 1989. 175-179. Print.
  • Brittain, J. E. and M. Sartori. 2009. Ephemeroptera (Mayflies). Pages 328-334 in Encyclopedia of Insects, V. H. Resh and R. T. Cardé, eds. Academic Press, New York.
  • Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 2002. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936
  • Capinera, John. "Fleas (Siphonaptera)." Encyclopedia of Entomology. 4. 2008.
  • Capinera, John. "Mayflies (Ephemeroptera)." Encyclopedia of Entomology. 4. 2008.
  • Dodds, W. K. and M. R. Whiles. 2010. Freshwater Ecology: Concepts and Environmental Applications of Limnology. Academic Press, New York.
  • Ephemeroptera
  • Giller, P. S.; Malmqvist, B. 1998. The Biology of Streams and Rivers. Oxford University Press, USA.
  • Grimaldi, D. and M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of Insects. Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • P. H. T. Hartley, Food and feeding relationships in a community of fresh-water fishes, J. Anim. Ecol. 17(1):1-14, from p. 12 (1948).
  • R. M. Badcock, 1949. Studies in stream life in tributaries of the Welsh Dee. J. Anim. Ecol. 18:193-208, from pp. 202-206 and Price, P. W., 1984, Insect Ecology, 2nd ed., New York: John Wiley, p. 23
  • Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
  • W. E. Ricker, 1934. An ecological classification of certain Ontario streams. Univ. Toronto Studies, Biol. Serv. 37, Publ. Ontario Fish. Res. Lab. 49:7-114, from pp. 105-106.
  • WoRMS (2015). Ephemeroptera. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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