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Issidae is a family of planthoppers described by Spinola in 1839, belonging to the order Hemiptera, suborder Auchenorrhyncha infraorder Fulgoromorpha.

Issidae nymph

Species of this family are present in most of Europe, in the eastern Palearctic ecozone, in the Near East and in North Africa.

Issidae are small insects generally with a stocky body, as the wings mainly develop in width. Basic body coloration is not striking, usually shows brownish colors. The head has two ocelli. The forewings have strong pronounced ribs. They wrap the abdomen when the insect is at rest. The family includes approximately 1000 species with 215 genera, but the systematics of Issidae remains uncertain.

In 2013, scientists discovered a biologically unique set of mechanical gears in an Issus nymph.[1]

List of subfamilies[edit]

The family consists of the following subfamilies:


  1. ^ Burrows, Malcolm; Sutton, Gregory (2013-09-13), "Interacting gears synchronize propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect", Science 341 (6151): 1254, doi:10.1126/science.1240284, lay summaryScienceNews.org 
  • W. E. Holzinger, I. Kammerlander, H. Nickel: The Auchenorrhyncha of Central Europe - Die Zikaden Mitteleuropas. Volume 1: Fulgoromorpha, Cicadomorpha excl. Cicadellidae. - Brill, Leiden 2003
  • Stephen W. Wilson – Keys to the families of Fulgoromorpha with emphasis on planthoppers of potential importance in the Southern United States -Florida Entomologist 88(4) Fcla.edu


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