The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- Orrell, Thomas M., Bruce B. Collette, and G. David Johnson. 2006. Molecular data support separate scombroid and xiphioid clades. Bulletin of Marine Science, vol. 79, no. 3. 505-519