Localities documented in Tropicos sources
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- SPECIMEN BASED RECORD. Published protolog data. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/9990002
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Ferocactus latispinus
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ferocactus latispinus
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Ferocactus latispinus is a species of barrel cactus native to Mexico. Originally described as Cactus latispinus in 1824 by English naturalist Adrian Hardy Haworth, it gained its current name in 1922 with the erection of the genus Ferocactus by American botanists Britton and Rose. The species name is derived from the Latin latus "broad", and spinus "spine". Two subspecies are recognised, differing in their number of radial spines – 9–15 for subspecies latispinus and 5–7 for spiralis. Subspecies latispinus is commonly known as Devil's Tongue Barrel or Crow's Claw Cactus. Ferocactus recurvus is a rejected name for the species.
The species is endemic to Mexico; the more widely distributed subspecies latispinus ranges from southeastern Durango, through Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, east to the western parts of San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo and Puebla, as well as to eastern Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro and Mexico State. Subspecies spiralis is restricted to the southern parts of Oaxaca and Puebla.
Ferocactus latispinus grows as a single globular light green cactus reaching the dimensions of 30 cm (12 in) in height and 40 cm (16 in) across, with 21 acute ribs. Its spines range from reddish to white in colour and are flattened and reach 4 or 5 cm long. Flowering is in late autumn or early winter. The funnel-shaped flowers are purplish or yellowish and reach 4 cm long, and are followed by oval-shaped scaled fruit which reach 2.5 cm (1 in) long.
- Anderson, Edward F. (2001). The cactus family. Timber Press. p. 332. ISBN 0-88192-498-9. http://books.google.com.au/books?id=vYXQHL2IsZ4C&pg=PA332&dq=%22Ferocactus+latispinus%22&hl=en&ei=Ot94TOScFNDRcZf06OUF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-preview-link&resnum=2&ved=0CDEQuwUwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Ferocactus%20latispinus%22&f=false. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- "Devil's Tongue Barrel, Crow's Claw Cactus". Desert Tropicals website. http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Cactaceae/Ferocactus_latispinus.html. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Lado, C.; Mosquera, J.; Estrada-Torres, A.; Beltran-Tejera, E.; De Basanta, D. W. (2007). "Description and culture of a new succulenticolous Didymium (Myxomycetes)". Mycologia 99 (4): 602–611. doi:10.3852/mycologia.99.4.602. PMID 18065011.