Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to Mexico, where it is widespread in the states of Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí and Zacatecas. It has also been reported from the literature (no herbarium records) from the state of Durango (Hernández et al. 2004). It grows at elevations of 600 to 2,600 m asl.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species occurs in a variety of xerophyllous scrub types, grassland, and open Quercus forest (in Oaxaca). It flowers between October and March (Arias et al. 1997). Goats disperse viable seeds of this and other species (Baraza and Valiente-Banuet 2008).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ferocactus latispinus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ferocactus latispinus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Sánchez , E., Guadalupe Martínez, J., Bárcenas Luna, R., Hernández, H.M., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. & Cházaro, M.

Reviewer/s
Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.

Contributor/s

Justification
Ferocactus latispinus is considered to be Least Concern due to its wide distribution, abundance, occurrence in numerous protected areas, and because it is not declining at a rate sufficient to qualify for a threatened category.
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Population

Population
This cactus has widespread and abundant subpopulations.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
Local collecting for national ornamental plant trade affects subpopulations near villages and towns. Livestock and goats degrade the vegetation where this species occurs (Baraza and Valiente-Banuet 2008). The plants are collected locally for medicinal use (Canales-Matínez et al. 2006) and consumed raw or as a candy (González-Insuasti and Caballero 2007).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This cactus occurs in numerous protected areas (12% of known localities). It occurs within the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve (Méndez-Larios et al. 2006). Ecological studies are lacking.
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Wikipedia

Ferocactus latispinus

Ferocactus latispinus is a species of barrel cactus native to Mexico. Originally described as Cactus latispinus in 1824 by English naturalist Adrian Hardy Haworth, it gained its current name in 1922 with the erection of the genus Ferocactus by American botanists Britton and Rose.[1] The species name is derived from the Latin latus "broad", and spinus "spine". Ferocactus recurvus is a former name for the species.[1]

Distribution[edit]

The species is endemic to Mexico; the more widely distributed subspecies latispinus ranges from southeastern Durango, through Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, east to the western parts of San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo and Puebla, as well as to eastern Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro and Mexico State. Subspecies spiralis is restricted to the southern parts of Oaxaca and Puebla.[1]

Description[edit]

Ferocactus latispinus grows as a single globular light green cactus reaching the dimensions of 30 cm (12 in) in height and 40 cm (16 in) across, with 21 acute ribs. Its spines range from reddish to white in colour and are flattened and reach 4 or 5 cm long. Flowering is in late autumn or early winter.[2] The funnel-shaped flowers are purplish or yellowish and reach 4 cm long, and are followed by oval-shaped scaled fruit which reach 2.5 cm (1 in) long.[1]

Subspecies[edit]

Two subspecies are recognised, differing in their number of radial spines.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

Ferocactus latispinus is fairly commonly cultivated as an ornamental plant. It blooms at an early age which is a desirable horticultural feature. It is hardy to −4 °C, with an average minimum temperature of 10 °C.[2]

The slime mold, Didymium wildpretii feeds on the decaying remains of F. latispinus in Mexico.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Anderson, Edward F. (2001). The cactus family. Timber Press. p. 332. ISBN 0-88192-498-9. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Devil's Tongue Barrel, Crow's Claw Cactus". Desert Tropicals website. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Lado, C.; Mosquera, J.; Estrada-Torres, A.; Beltran-Tejera, E.; De Basanta, D. W. (2007). "Description and culture of a new succulenticolous Didymium (Myxomycetes)". Mycologia 99 (4): 602–611. doi:10.3852/mycologia.99.4.602. PMID 18065011.  edit
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