Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to Mexico, where it occurs in the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur (Hunt et al. 2006) from sea level to 450 m asl (Pilbeam and Bowdery 1995).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Type collection for Ferocactus horridus Britton & Rose
Catalog Number: US 3051184
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Bulky specimen
Collector(s): J. N. Rose
Year Collected: 1911
Locality: Baja California Sur, Mexico, North America
  • Type collection: Britton, N. L. & Rose, J. N. 1922. Cactaceae. 3: 128.
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Type collection for Ferocactus horridus Britton & Rose
Catalog Number: US 1821081
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. N. Rose
Year Collected: 1911
Locality: Baja California, Mexico, North America
  • Type collection: Britton, N. L. & Rose, J. N. 1922. Cactaceae. 3: 128.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species occurs in rocky places, in sandy areas and hillsides (Pilbeam and Bowdery 1995).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
León de la Luz, J.L., Hernández, H.M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, C.

Reviewer/s
Goettsch, B.K., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Superina, M.

Contributor/s

Justification
Ferocactus peninsulae is listed as Least Concern because it has a wide range (extent of occurrence over 50,000 km2), and even though there are localized threats throughout its range, these are not sufficient to trigger a threatened listing. Illegal collection is the main concern, if it continues at the same rate it could affect the population. Hence ongoing population monitoring is urgently needed.
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Population

Population
The species tends to be more common in the south than the north of the Baja peninsula, however, the population is declining.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The main threat is illegal collection. It is also used as fodder for cattle, and there is habitat destruction due to urbanization and creation of artificial grasslands.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species occurs in Sierra de la Laguna, Islas del Golfo and Desierto del Vizcaíno protected areas.
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Wikipedia

Ferocactus peninsulae

Ferocactus peninsulae is a barrel cactus in the genus Ferocactus belonging to the family Cacteae.

Description[edit]

Ferocactus peninsulae reaches a height of about 70 centimetres (28 in). This plant is oval to club-shaped and has 12 to 20 showy, deep ribs. The thorns are grayish-red and have a yellowish or whitish tip. The funnel-shaped flowers are red to yellow and reach a length of 5–6 centimetres (2.0–2.4 in). The fruits are spherical, yellow, up to 4.5 centimetres (1.8 in) long.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Ferocactus peninsulae is widespread in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ N. L. Britton, J. N. Rose (1922) (in German), The Cactaceae. Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family, Band III, Washington: The Carnegie Institution of Washington, pp. 133
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