Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley, Mexico, and is distributed only in the States of Puebla and Veracruz (Arias et al. 1997; Hunt et al. 2006), at elevations of 1,800 - 2,400 m asl.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species occurs in xerophyllous scrub and oak chaparral on calcareous soils. It flowers between March and May and produces fruits between July and November (Arias et al. 1987).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ferocactus haematacanthus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ferocactus haematacanthus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii,v)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Arias, S., Valverde, T., Zavala-Hurtado, A. & Hernández, C.

Reviewer/s
Chanson, J.S. & Goettsch, B.K.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a restricted extent of occurrence (EOO approximately 4,000 km2), its population is severely fragmented and it is suffering a continuing decline due to land use change for agriculture. Hence it is listed as Endangered under Criterion B1. The species is large and potentially long lived, and there are about ten subpopulations with a total population of less than 2,500 mature individuals (potentially substantially less) and almost certainly meets the criteria for Endangered under Criterion C.
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Population

Population
The species is not abundant and occurs at low densities at the known localities. There are no studies on the population trends, however, a decline can be inferred from field observations; many individuals have disappeared from known subpopulations.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The major threat is habitat fragmentation as a result of land conversion to agriculture.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species occurs within the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve (Méndez-Larios et al. 2006). This species is listed in the Mexican list of species at risk of extinction, NOM-SEMARNAT-059-2010 as in need of special protection (Pr; SEMARNAT 20010). The species is propagated locally in a government certified nursery, and also is successfully grown in ex-situ conservation programs in the EU (Stoie 2007).
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