The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
- Klein-MacPhee, Grace / Collette, Bruce B., and Grace Klein-MacPhee, eds. 2002. American Soles: Family Achiridae. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, Third Edition. 587-589
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600