Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to Mexico where it is widely distributed, It occurs in the states of Aguascalientes, Mexico Federal District, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacán, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala and Zacatecas (Hunt et al. 2006), It grows at elevations of 1,600 to 2,400 m asl.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Opuntia pachona Griffiths
Catalog Number: US 3046443
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): D. Griffiths
Year Collected: 1905
Locality: Zacatecas, Mexico, North America
  • Holotype: Griffiths, D. 1910. Annual Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 168.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species is found in xerophyllous shrublands.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Arias, S., Arreola, H., Cházaro, M., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Hernández, H.M. & Terrazas, T.

Reviewer/s
Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.

Contributor/s

Justification
Opuntia streptacantha is listed as Least Concern due to a wide distribution, and because it is locally abundant and not declining at nearly the rate sufficient to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
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Population

Population
The species is very abundant and can form vegetative communities ("nopaleras").

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
Some extensions of "nopaleras" have been covered into agricultural lands. A potential threat to species of the genus Opuntia is the invasion of the cactus moth Cactoblastis cactorum, which can exterminate populations completely (Zimmerman et al. 2000).

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species occurs in numerous protected areas. There is a need to protect the "nopaleras" communities which this species forms when in aggregation.
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