Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Distribution: Primarily Europe to Australia and Japan. Both eyes on the right side of the head. Margin of preoperculum completely concealed (covered by skin and scales). Dorsal fin origin above or before eyes; pectoral fins present or absent; no fin spines. Dorsal and anal fins free from caudal fin or united with caudal fin. Pelvics free from anal fin. Soles are benthic, neritic fishes, some of considerable economic importance. The taxonomy of this family needs revision.
  • MASDEA (1997).
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:612Public Records:209
Specimens with Sequences:467Public Species:33
Specimens with Barcodes:418Public BINs:32
Species:76         
Species With Barcodes:69         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Soleidae

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Wikipedia

Soleidae

The true soles are a family, Soleidae, of flatfishes, and include species that live in salt water and fresh water. They are bottom-dwelling fishes feeding on small crustaceans and other invertebrates. Other flatfishes are also known as soles.

Soles begin life as bilaterally symmetric larvae, with an eye on each side of the head. But during development the left eye moves around onto the right side of the head. Adult soles lie on their left (blind) side on the sea floor, often covered in mud which, in combination with their dark colours, makes them hard to spot.

Soles (along with flounders) were observed by the Bathyscaphe Trieste at the bottom of the Mariana Trench at a depth of 35,798 feet (10,911 m).

Many soles are important food species: the Common sole, Solea solea, is popular in northern Europe and the Mediterranean.

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Soleidae" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
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