Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Pleuronectiformes (flounder) is prey of:
Ardeidae
Phalacrocoracidae
Gavia
Homo sapiens
Anatidae
Laridae

Based on studies in:
USA: California (Estuarine, Intertidal, Littoral)
Scotland, Ythan estuary (Littoral, Mudflat)
USA: Rhode Island (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • G. E. MacGinitie, Ecological aspects of a California marine estuary, Am. Midland Nat. 16(5):629-765, from p. 652 (1935).
  • J. N. Kremer and S. W. Nixon, A Coastal Marine Ecosystem: Simulation and Analysis, Vol. 24 of Ecol. Studies (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978), from p. 12.
  • H. Milne and G. M. Dunnet, Standing crop, productivity and trophic relations of the fauna of the Ythan estuary. In: The Estuarine Environment, R. S. K. Barnes and J. Green, Eds. (Applied Science Publications, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1972), pp. 86-106, from
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Known prey organisms

Pleuronectiformes (flounder) preys on:
Nereis
Glycera
Porifera
benthic macrofauna
Bivalvia
Littorina
Hydrobia
Corophium
Nereidae

Based on studies in:
USA: California (Estuarine, Intertidal, Littoral)
USA: Rhode Island (Coastal)
Scotland, Ythan estuary (Littoral, Mudflat)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • G. E. MacGinitie, Ecological aspects of a California marine estuary, Am. Midland Nat. 16(5):629-765, from p. 652 (1935).
  • J. N. Kremer and S. W. Nixon, A Coastal Marine Ecosystem: Simulation and Analysis, Vol. 24 of Ecol. Studies (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978), from p. 12.
  • H. Milne and G. M. Dunnet, Standing crop, productivity and trophic relations of the fauna of the Ythan estuary. In: The Estuarine Environment, R. S. K. Barnes and J. Green, Eds. (Applied Science Publications, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1972), pp. 86-106, from
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Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:4,611Public Records:2,710
Specimens with Sequences:3,878Public Species:224
Specimens with Barcodes:3,691Public BINs:403
Species:430         
Species With Barcodes:398         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Pleuronectiformes

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