Overview

Distribution

Range Description

B. sicula is native to Greece, mainland Italy, Sicily and Malta (Marhold 2011). It is confined to central and southern areas of Greece (Lafranchis and Sfikas 2009).
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Range Description

Endemic to Bosnia-Herzegovina (Euro+Med PlantBase 2006) where it is only found at several localities in the surroundings of Travnik, Fojnica and Sarajevo (central Bosnia) (Stevanović et al. 2010).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
In Greece, B. sicula is found in subalpine and montane habitats, in damp meadows and pastures. It can also be found on granite, silicate, serpentine or flysch outcrops, normally between 1,000–2,100 m asl, but it can also be found at lower altitudes (Strid and Tan 2002).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species grows in wet meadows, on the edges of alluvial forests, along streams and rivers, in sunny or slightly shady sites between 650 and 1,300 m; it grows in wet and nutrient rich clay or sandy soils and flowers (April-) May–July (Šilić1984).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2011

Assessor/s
Kell, S.P.

Reviewer/s
Maxted, N. & Nieto, A.

Contributor/s
Hargreaves , S.

Justification

Barbarea sicula is assessed as Data Deficient as there is currently insufficient information available to evaluate this species. Information about its precise distribution, population size, trend and potential threats is needed, as well as its in situ conservation status.

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2011

Assessor/s
Kell, S.P. & Stevanović, V.

Reviewer/s
Nieto, A. & Maxted, N.

Contributor/s
Hargreaves , S.

Justification
European regional assessment: Data Deficient (DD)
EU 27 regional assessment: Not Evaluated (NE)

Barbarea bosniaca is assessed as Data Deficient because there is currently insufficient knowledge of the population status (size, trend and threats) to make an informed decision. It has been classified as Rare at national level (Šilić 1996) but a fresh assessment is needed based on field investigations. It is not protected in situ and is inadequately conserved ex situ. A conservation action plan is urgently needed for this species.

It does not occur within the EU 27.

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Population

Population

Further research is needed to gather information about the population size and trend of this species.


Population Trend
Unknown
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Population

Population
According to Beck (1903) this species was frequent around Sarajevo (Grbavica, Kovačić, Mrković, Lukavica and Pale) in the first half of the 20th century. However, it is now extinct from these localities. There is currently no information available about the remaining subpopulations.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats

Further research is needed to gather information about the potential threats to this species.

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Major Threats
Extensive urbanization around Sarajevo is known to have caused the loss of some subpopulations in the past and probably continues to pose a serious threat to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The genus Barbarea is listed in Annex I of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as part of the brassica complex.

No germplasm accessions of B. sicula are reported by EURISCO to be held in European genebanks (EURISCO Catalogue 2010). A review of the ex situ conservation status of this species is required and germplasm collection and duplicated ex situ storage should be carried out as necessary.
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Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The genus Barbarea is listed in Annex I of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as part of the brassica complex.

EURISCO reports only one germplasm accession of B. bosniaca held in European genebanks (EURISCO Catalogue 2010). Germplasm collection and duplicated ex situ storage is a priority for this species.

It is classified in Bosnia and Herzegovina as Rare (Šilić 1996); however, little is currently known about the threat status of this species—a survey is required to determine the current status of the remaining subpopulations.
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