The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Anderson, J., L. Magnarelli. 1980. Vertebrate host relationships and distribution of ixodid ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Connecticut, USA. Journal of Medical Entomology, 17: 314-323.
  • Bertrand, M., M. Wilson. 1996. Microclimate-dependent survival of unfed adult Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in nature: life cycle and study design implications. Journal of Medical Entomology, 33: 619-627.
  • Camicas,J.-L., Hervy, J.-P., Adam, F. & Morel, P.C. 1998. The Ticks of the World (Acarida, Ixodida). Nomenclature, Described stages, Hosts, Distribution. The Ticks of the World (Acarida, Ixodida). Nomenclature, Described stages, Hosts, Distribution.
  • Carroll, J. 2002. Notes on the responses of host-seeking nymphs and adults of the ticks Ixodes scapularis and Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) to canine, avian, and deer-produced substances. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 104: 73-78.
  • Des Vignes, F., D. Fish. 1997. Transmission of the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis by host-seeking Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in southern New York State. Journal of Medical Entomology, 34: 379-382.
  • Donze, G.; McMahon, C.; Guerin, P. M. 2004. Rumen metabolites serve ticks to exploit large mammals. Journal of Experimental Biology. 207(24): 4283-4289.
  • JONGEJAN, F., & UILENBERG G. (2004). The global importance of ticks. Parasitology. 129(07), S3.
  • Kiszewski, A., A. Spielman. 2002. Preprandial inhibition of re-mating in Ixodes ticks (Acari:Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 39 (6): 847-853.
  • Kiszewski, A., F. Matuschka, A. Spielman. 2001. Mating strategies and spermiogenesis in ixodid ticks. Annual Review of Entomology, 46: 167-182.
  • Matthewson, M. 1984. The future of tick control: A review of the chemical and non-chemical options. Previews of Veterinary Medicine, 2: 559-568.
  • Nijhof A.M., Guglielmone A.A. & Horak I.G. (2015). TicksBase (version 5.6, Jun 2005). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Patnaude, M. R., & Mather T. N. (2000). Blacklegged Tick or Deer Tick-Ixodes scapularis. Featured Creatures. accessed December 2011,
  • Pound, J M., Miller J A., George J. E., Fish D., Carroll J. F., Schulze T. L., et al. (2009). The United States Department of Agriculture's Northeast Area-Wide Tick Control Project: Summary and Conclusions. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 9(4), 439 - 448.
  • Rand, P., C. Lubelczyk, G. Lavigne, S. Elias, M. Holman, E. Lacombe, R. Smith. 2003. Deer density and the abundance of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 40 (2): 179-184.
  • Rutgers Cooperative Extension. Protect yourself from ticks and lyme disease. FS443. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. 1997. Accessed June 22, 2011 at
  • Troughton, D., M. Levin. 2007. Life cycles of seven ixodid tick species (Acari: Ixodidae) under standardized laboratory conditions. Journal of Medical Entomology, 44 (5): 732-740.
  • Wilson, M., G. Adler, A. Spielman. 1985. Correlation between abundance of deer and that of the deer tick, Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae). Annuals of the Entomology Society of America, 78: 172-176.
  • Yuval, B., R. Deblinger, A. Spielman. 1990. Mating behavior of male deer ticks Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Insect Behavior, 3 (6): 765-772.


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