Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Lythrum borysthenicum is a sub-Mediterranean species. It occurs from Spain and Portugal east through France, Italy, Bulgaria, Greece, Cyprus and Turkey to Israel and Palestine and in North Africa it occurs in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.In Turkey it is considered to be an endangered species, recorded from 6 sites, it is known from only one place in Greece. In Turkey it is found in: stanbul:Terkos-Kasatura Kylar (36 46 N, 28 46 E); stanbul:merli Havzas (4100 K, 2912 D) (zhatay et al. 2005); stanbul: Kathaneky; stanbul: Yakack, Bakalky (Davis 1965-1985).In Palestine, it is rare and found at only one location:Sharon Plain (Zohary 1987).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This annual amphibious plant (Therophyte) prefers temporary pools on siliceous substrates such as sandstone, granite, quartzite, shale, and basalt, that are flooded in winter and dry in summer, with oligotrophic water. It is present along the edges of swamps and ponds, or shallow and slow flowing streams. Flowering occurs between April and July.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
Kavak, S.

Reviewer/s
Lansdown, R.V.

Contributor/s
Rhazi, L., Rhazi, M. & Flanagan, D.

Justification
In spite of its rarity in the eastern Mediterranean and documented declines in France, this species is widespread and abundant in parts of its range and is therefore classed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
The species is widespread in the Mediterranean region occurring in numerous locations.In Spain, it is frequent in the western half north to Gerona and Valencia, excluding a big part of Galicia and Asturias. In Portugal, it is found in most provinces except for the north (Algarve, Alto Alentejo and Baixo Alentejo, Beira and Douro Litoral, Estremadura, Minho, and Ribatejo). It is very rare in France in the Languedoc-Roussillon, where numerous populations having already disappeared (Petite Camargue, Costire Nmoise, Grammont, Agde, Lamoure and Saint-Estve), while others are stable (Fenouilldes, Vendres plains and Torremila). It is more abundant but localized in Provence-Alps-Cte d'Azur (Var), and quite frequent in the Corsican ponds. In Italy, it occurs in Tuscany, Lazio, Sardinia and Sicily.It is rare in Greece, Turkey and Palestine.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
The threats to this species are unknown.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is under regional protection in Languedoc-Roussillon (France) but no other conservation measures are in place. Due to its rarity in Greece, Turkey and Palestine, as well as documented declines in France, there is a need to monitor populations throughout its range to establish whether this is indicative of a wider trend.
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