The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Bockmann, Flávio A., and Gizelani M. Guazzelli / Reis, Roberto E., Sven O. Kullander, et al., eds. 2003. Family Heptapteridae (Heptapterids). Check List of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. 406-431
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