Read full entry

Lubomirskia baicalensis

Lubomirskia baicalensis is a freshwater demosponge that is found at depths between 3 and 120 m (10 and 394 ft) in Lake Baikal, Russia.[1][2] It is commonly called Lake Baikal sponge and it is the most abundant sponge in the lake, but all 14 species in the family Lubomirskiidae are Baikal endemics.[3] This sponge is in mutual symbiosis with a green dinoflagellate, making it green in appearance. Okadaic acid produced by the dinoflagellate assists the sponge to survive when Lake Baikal is iced over in winter, and the water temperature is close to 0 °C (32 °F).[1] L. baicalensis can grow to a large size for a freshwater sponge, reaching a height of more than 1.2 m (4 ft) in some locations.[4] It takes 1 year for it to grow 1 cm (0.39 in) taller.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b "Cold stress defense in the freshwater sponge Lubomirskia baicalensis - Role of okadaic acid produced by symbiotic dinoflagellates". FEBS J. (National Center for Biotechnology Information) 274 (1): 23–36. January 2007. doi:10.1111/j.1742-4658.2006.05559.x. PMID 17222175. 
  2. ^ Kaluzhnaya; Belikov; Schröder; Rothenberger; Zapf; Kaandorp; Borejko; Müller; and Müller (2005). Dynamics of skeleton formation in the Lake Baikal sponge Lubomirskia baicalensis. Part I. Biological and biochemical studies. Naturwissenschaften 92: 128–133.
  3. ^ Paradina; Kulikova; Suturin; and Saibatalova (2003). The Distribution of Chemical Elements in Sponges of the Family Lubomirskiidae in Lake Baikal. International Symposium - Speciation in Ancient Lakes, SIAL III - Irkutsk 2002. Berliner Paläobiologische Abhandlungen 4: 151-157.
  4. ^ Belikov; Kaluzhnaya; Schröder; Müller; and Müller (2007). Lake Baikal endemic sponge Lubomirskia baikalensis: structure and organization of the gene family of silicatein and its role in morphogenesis. Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability, pp. 179-188.


Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Belongs to 1 community


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!