The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Antezana, T., N. Aguirre and R. Bustamante, 1976. Nuevo limite septentrional para el krill Antarctico [i]Euphausia superba[/i] Dana, en el Pacifico (Crustacea, zooplankton). Series Cientifico Instituto Antarctico Chileno 4: 47-51.[/p]
  • Atkinson A., Siegel V., Pakhomov E. & Rothery P. 2004. Long-term decline in krill stock and increase in salps within the Southern Ocean. Nature 432, 100-103.
  • Baker, A. de C., B. P. Boden and E. Brinton, 1990. A practical guide to the euphausiids of the world. British Museum (Natural History), London. 96 pp.[/p]
  • Bargmann, H. E., 1937. The reproductive system of [i]Euphausia superba .[/i] "Discovery" Reports 14: 325-50.[/p]
  • Brinton, Edward / Brinton, Edward, William A. Newman, and Nance F. North, eds. 1975. Euphausiids of Southeast Asian waters. Naga Report, vol. 4, pt. 5. 287
  • Dana, J. D., 1850. Synopsis generum crustaceorum ordinis "Schizopoda". American Journal of Science (and Arts) 9: 129-133.[/p]
  • Froese R. (2015). Species 2000 additional Common Names for the Catalogue of Life (version Jan 2006). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • G. A. Knox, Antarctic marine ecosystems. In: Antarctic Ecology, M. W. Holdgate, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1970) 1:69-96, from p. 87.
  • Gaten E., Tarling G., Dowse H., Kyriacou C. & Rosato E. 2008. Is vertical migration in Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) influenced by an underlying circadian rhythm? Journal of Genetics 87, 473-483.
  • Griffiths HJ. 2010. Antarctic Marine Biodiversity ? What Do We Know About the Distribution of Life in the Southern Ocean?. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11683. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011683
  • Guglielmo, L. and G. Costanzo, 1978. Diagnostic value of the thelycum in euphausiids. II. Oceanic species. Genus [i]Euphausia[/i] Dana, 1852. Archivio di Oceanografia e Limnologia 19: 143-155.[/p]
  • Hamner, W. M., 1984. Aspects of schooling in [i]Euphausia superba[/i] . Journal of Crustacean Biology 4: 67-74.[/p]
  • Hansen, H. J., 1913. Report on the Crustacea Schizopoda collected by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903. Copenhagen: 1-56.[/p]
  • Hofmann E.E. & Hüsrevo?lu Y.S. 2003. A circumpolar modelling study of habitat control of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) reproductive success. Deep-Sea Research II 50, 3121?3142.
  • Ikeda T. 1985. Life history of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba: a new look from an experimental approach. Bulletin of Marine Science 37, 599-608.
  • Ikeda T. 1989. RNA content of the Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana), an estimator of natural growth rate. Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol. 2, 26-33.
  • John, D. D., 1936. The southern species of the genus [i]Euphausia[/i] . "Discovery" Reports 14: 193-324.[/p]
  • Laws R.M. 1985. The ecology of the Southern Ocean. Am. Sci. 73, 26?40.
  • Lomakina, N. B. 1978. Euphausiids of the world ocean (Euphausiacea). Opredeliteli po faune SSSR, vol. 118. 222
  • Lomakina, N. B., 1972. Phylogenetic relationship of the [i]Euphausia[/i] species (Euphausiacea) of the South Ocean. Zoologischeskii Zhurnal, Moscow 51: 812-820.[/p]
  • Marr J.W.S. 1962. The natural history and geography of the Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana). Discovery Rep. 32, 33-464.
  • Marr, J. W. S., 1962. The natural history and geography of the Antarctic krill ([i]Euphausia superba[/i] Dana). "Discovery" Reports 32: 33-464.[/p]
  • Mauchline, J. and L. R. Fisher, 1969. The biology of euphausiids. Advances in Marine Biology 7: 1-454.[/p]
  • Mauchline, J., 1980. The biology of mysids and euphausiids. Advances in Marine Biology 18: 1-681.[/p]
  • McLeod D.J., Hosie G.W., Kitchener J.A., Takahashi K.T. & Hunt B.P.V. 2010. Zooplankton Atlas of the Southern Ocean: The SCAR SO-CPR Survey (1991-2008). Polar Science. doi:10.1016/j.polar.2010.03.004
  • Murphy E.J. 1995. Spatial structure of the Southern Ocean ecosystem: predator-prey linkages in Southern Ocean food webs. J. Anim. Ecol. 64, 333?347.
  • N. A. Mackintosh, A survey of antarctic biology up to 1945. In: Biologie antarctique, R. Carrick, M. Holdgate, J. Prevost, Eds. (Hermann, Paris, 1964), pp. 3-38.
  • Nicol S. 2006. Krill, currents, and sea ice: Euphausia superba and its changing environment. BioScience 56, 111-120.
  • Parkinson C.L. 2002. Trends in the length of the Southern Ocean sea-ice season, 1979?99. Ann. Glaciol. 34, 435?440.
  • Patarnello T., Bargelloni L., Varotto V. & Battaglia B. 1996. Krill evolution and the Antarctic ocean currents: evidence of vicariant speciation as inferred by molecular data. Marine Biology 126, 603-608.
  • Perissinotto R., Pakhomov E.A., McQuaid C.D. & Froneman P.W. 1997. In situ grazing rates and daily ration of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba feeding on phytoplankton at the Antarctic Polar Front and the Marginal Ice Zone. Marine Ecology Progress Series 160, 77-91.
  • Quetin L.B., Ross R.M., Frazer T.K. & Haberman K.L. 1996. Factors affecting distribution and abundance of zooplankton, with an emphasis on Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba. Antarct. Res. Ser. 70, 357?371.
  • Raymond B, Shaffer SA, Sokolov S, Woehler EJ, Costa DP, et al. 2010. Shearwater Foraging in the Southern Ocean: The Roles of Prey Availability and Winds. PLoS ONE 5(6): e10960. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010960
  • Reid K. & Croxall J.P. 2001. Environmental response of upper trophic level predators reveals a system change in an Antarctic marine ecosystem. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268, 377?384.
  • Siegel V. 2000. Krill (Euphausiacea) demography and variability in abundance and distribution. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 57, 151?167.
  • Siegel V. 2005. Distribution and population dynamics of Euphausia superba: summary of recent findings. Polar Biology 29, 1-22.
  • Stretch, J. J., P. P. Hamner, W. M. Hamner, W. C. Michel, J. Cook, and C. W. Sullivan, 1988. Foraging behavior of antarctic krill [i]Euphausia superba[/i] on sea ice microalagae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 44: 131-139.[/p]
  • Thomas, P. G. and G. V. Nash, 1987. Thelycum and spermatophore structure in the Antarctic euphausiids [i]Euphausia superba[/i] and [i]E. crystallorophias.[/i] Proceedings NIPR Symp. Polar Biology 1: 63-71.[/p]


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