Overview

Comprehensive Description

General Description

(from Coe, W. R. (1901). Papers from the Harriman Alaska Expedition. XX. The nemerteans.. Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci.. 1-110.)
Representatives of this genus are characterized by a slender, sometimes thread-like body, usually rounded throughout. The body is commonly twisted and coiled into an irregular mass. The movements are sluggish. The animals creep over objects and readily move about on the surface of the water, but they are unable to swim. The body is extremely contractile; the head is often slightly wider than the body, of oval shape, and is usually provided with numerous minute ocelli, often arranged in a single row on each side of the head. A caudal papilla or cirrus, a diagonal muscular layer, and neurochord cells are all wanting. The proboscis sheath is often short in comparison with the length of the body.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Ritger, Rebecca

Source: Nemertea

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Key

(from Allan Hancock Pacific expeditions vol. 1 1943)

Genus Lineus Sowerby

Eight species of this genus are known to occur on the North Pacific coast. Only 2 of these have been found in other parts of the world.

Key to Species

1. Tip of head not conspicuously different from body in color; body without distinct markings....2
1. Tip of head of different color from that of body or with distinct markings on body....4

2. Dusky or brownish green, dark brown, or reddish brown, commonly paler beneath ; a single row of 4 to 8 ocelli on each side of head....3
2. Yellowish, pale yellow with tinge of orange, dull orange, ocher, buff, or yellowish brown; margins of head pale or colorless; with 3 to 7 irregular red, purple, or black ocelli, of which the most anterior are largest....flavescens

3. Body contracts by shortening and thickening — not by coiling in spiral; regenerative capacity very slight....ruber
3. Body contracts by coiling in spiral ; regenerative capacity almost unlimited....vegetus

4. With conspicuous median dorsal stripe, but without transverse markings; dark brown or olive, with median dorsal stripe of white or yellow extending whole length of body and widening out on head to form broad white marking....bilineatus
4. Without conspicuous median dorsal stripe....5

5. Body with narrow transverse rings of paler color....7
5. Body without transverse rings of paler color....6

6. Pink, rosy, flesh color, or pinkish red, sometimes with tinge of blue; tip of head white both above and below, sharply marked off from rosy color of body ; often with bluish tinge after preservation....rubescens
6. With a single narrow whitish band connecting posterior ends of cephalic furrows on dorsal side of head. Body and head dark reddish brown or purple....torquatus

7. Green or brown, with numerous narrow white or yellow rings at irregular intervals; head with white ring about midway between brain and tip ....geniculatus
7. Deep brown or black; middle of head without white ring....8

8. Deep brown, chestnut, or slaty, sometimes with greenish tinge; with narrow transverse pale yellow rings at intervals along whole length of body; with 7 to 15 very inconspicuous, fine, hairlike longitudinal lines of yellow on dorsal surface; tip of head white, usually with 2 orange-colored spots....pictifrons
8. Brown, greenish black, or bluish black; without longitudinal lines ....atrocaeruleus

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Ritger, Rebecca

Source: Nemertea

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnosis

(from 1912 Wijnhoff, G. List of nemerteans collected in the neighbourhood of Plymouth from May - September, 1910) Body rounded or flattened, unusually long, very contractile. Head mostly somewhat broadened and spathulate. The worms are not able to swim ; as a rule they coil themselves up and make knots. Ocelli present in most species. Proboscis sheath short.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Ritger, Rebecca

Source: Nemertea

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 196 specimens in 18 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 59 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -3 - 3010
  Temperature range (°C): -1.590 - 12.863
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.761 - 30.530
  Salinity (PPS): 31.893 - 35.373
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.000 - 7.296
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.335 - 2.333
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.315 - 72.732

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -3 - 3010

Temperature range (°C): -1.590 - 12.863

Nitrate (umol/L): 2.761 - 30.530

Salinity (PPS): 31.893 - 35.373

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.000 - 7.296

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.335 - 2.333

Silicate (umol/l): 2.315 - 72.732
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Associations

Known predators

Lineus (pycnogonids, polychaetes, Glyptonotus, Lineus, Odonaster) is prey of:
Actinopterygii

Based on studies in:
Antarctic (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • G. A. Knox, Antarctic marine ecosystems. In: Antarctic Ecology, M. W. Holdgate, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1970) 1:69-96, from p. 87.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Known prey organisms

Lineus (pycnogonids, polychaetes, Glyptonotus, Lineus, Odonaster) preys on:
benthic filter feeding invertebrates

Based on studies in:
Antarctic (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • G. A. Knox, Antarctic marine ecosystems. In: Antarctic Ecology, M. W. Holdgate, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1970) 1:69-96, from p. 87.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lineus ruber/viridis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 57
Specimens with Sequences: 69
Specimens with Barcodes: 57
Species: 11
Species With Barcodes: 11
Public Records: 26
Public Species: 8
Public BINs: 10
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Lineus

Lineus is a genus of nemertine worms, including the bootlace worm, arguably the longest animal alive. Lineus contains the following species:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. Gibson (2011). "Lineus". In R. Gibson. World Nemertea database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved December 4, 2011. 
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!