The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
- J. S. Nelson. 2006. Fishes of the world, 4th edition
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- WoRMS (2013). Synbranchiformes. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2013) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=154218