Overview

Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Orgyia leucostigma

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 9 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

AACTTTATATTTTATTTTTGGAATTTGAGCTGGTATAATTGGAACTTCCATAAGATTATTAATTCGAGCAGAATTGGGAAACCCAGGTTCATTAATTGGGAATGATCAAATTTATAATACCATTGTAACTGCTCACGCCTTTGTTATAATTTTTTTCATAGTTATACCAATTATAATTGGAGGATTTGGTAATTGATTAGTCCCCCTTATACTTGGAGCCCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCCCGAATAAATAACATAAGATTTTGACTTCTACCCCCCTCTTTAATTCTTTTAATTTCAAGAAGAATTGTAGAAAATGGAGCAGGAACTGGATGAACAGTTTACCCACCCCTCTCTTCCAATATCGCTCACGGGGGAAGATCAGTAGATTTAGCTATTTTCTCACTTCATTTAGCAGGAATTTCATCTATTCTAGGAGCAATTAACTTTATTACCACAATTATTAATATACGATTAAATAATTTATCTTTTGATCAAATACCCCTATTTGTATGAGCTGTTGGAATTACAGCATTTTTATTACTTCTTTCACTCCCAGTTTTAGCAGGAGCAATTACTATATTATTAACTGATCGTAATTTAAATACATCATTCTTTGACCCTGCGGGAGGAGGAGATCCTATTTTATACCAACACTTATTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Orgyia leucostigma

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 36
Specimens with Barcodes: 62
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Orgyia leucostigma

The White-marked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma) is a moth in the family Lymantriidae. The caterpillar is very common especially in late summer in eastern North America, extending as far west as Texas, Colorado, and Alberta. Also found in Southern England Europe.

Life cycle[edit]

There are two or more generations a year in eastern North America.[1] They overwinter in the egg stage.

Eggs[edit]

Eggs are laid in a single mass over the cocoon of the female, and covered in a froth.[1] Up to 300 eggs are laid at a time.

Larvae[edit]

The larvae are brightly coloured, with tufts of hair-like setae. The head is bright red, the body has yellow or white stripes, with a black stripe along the middle of the back. There are bright red defensive glands on the hind end of the back. Four white toothbrush-like tufts stand out from the back, and there is a grey-brown hair pencil at the hind end. Touching the hairs will set off an allergic reaction in many humans.[1] Young larvae skeletonize the surface of the leaf, while older larvae eat everything except the larger veins.[2] They grow to about 35 mm.

Pupae[edit]

The caterpillars spin a grayish cocoon in bark crevices and incorporate setae in it.[2] The moths emerge after 2 weeks.

Adults[edit]

The females have reduced wings and do not leave the vicinity of the cocoon. The males are grey with wavy black lines and a white spot on the forewings. (The vapourer, Orgyia antiqua, is similar but is a rusty colour.) The antennae are very feathery. Moths are found from June to October.

Host plants[edit]

The caterpillars may be found feeding on an extremely wide variety of trees, both deciduous and coniferous, including apple, birch, black locust, cherry, elm, fir, hackberry, hemlock, hickory, larch, oak, rose, spruce, chestnut, and willow.[1] Defoliating outbreaks are occasionally reported especially on Manitoba maple and elm in urban areas.[2] Outbreaks are usually ended by viral disease.

Ecology[edit]

The fungus Entomophaga maimaiga was introduced to North America to control the gypsy moth Lymantria dispar. The fungus also infects O. leucostigma[3] and could possibly have an impact in years when E. maimaiga is abundant. Large larvae are mostly attacked by birds, and small larvae mostly disappear during dispersal.[4]

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Wagner, DM. (2005). Caterpillars of eastern North America. Princeton University Press.
  2. ^ a b c Rose, AH and OH Lindquist. (1982). Insects of eastern hardwood trees. Canadian Forestry Service, Forestry Tech Rep 29. Government of Canada, Ottawa. ISBN 0-660-11205-1.
  3. ^ Hajek AE, Strazanac JS, Wheeler MM, Vermeylen FM, Butler L. (2004). Persistence of the fungal pathogen Entomophaga maimaiga and its impact on native Lymantriidae. Biological Control 30(2):466–473.
  4. ^ Medina RF, Barbosa P. (2002). Predation of small and large Orgyia leucostigma (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera : Lymantriidae) larvae by vertebrate and invertebrate predators. Environmental Entomology 31: 1097–1102.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!