endemic to a single nation
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: (200,000-2,500,000 square km (about 80,000-1,000,000 square miles)) Pretty much the native range of bald cypress from Maryland southward.
Comments: Probably any place with substantial bald cypress is probably potential habitat. The cypress sphinx is definitely not restricted to pristine cypress swamps and does occur where bald cypress is mixed with pines and/or hardwoods. Cocoons are often spun on cypress trunks, rather than underground, which allows the caterpillars to avoid drowning and populations species tooccur in habitats with persistent standing water. However populations are not restricted to such places.
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Comments: Larval foodplant is bald cypress, and probably other species of Taxodium.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Isoparce cupressi
There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen. Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Isoparce cupressi
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure
The wingspan is 60-65 mm. The upperside of the forewing is gray with two longitudinal broken black dashes. The lower dash, with a patch of orange-brown above it, is thicker and is located near the anal angle. The upper broken dash is near the apex. The upperside of the hindwing is dark gray. The outer wing fringes are checkered with white to yellowish gray and black.
There are at least four generations per year in Louisiana with adults on wing from February to October.
The larvae feed on the needles of Taxodium distichum. Pupation takes place in a shallow underground burrow where the second generation overwinters.
- "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. http://www.cate-sphingidae.org/taxonomy/Isoparce/cupressi.html. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- "Silkmoths". Silkmoths.bizland.com. 2007-07-04. http://www.silkmoths.bizland.com/icupress.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
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