Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Erect annual herb, up to 60 cm tall. Leaves opposite along the stems, subsessile, narrowly oblong-ovate, up to c. 4 cm long, 3-veined from the base, roughly hairy and glandular on both surfaces; margin entire. Capitula terminal, solitary, up to 4 cm in diameter; peduncle 2-7 cm long, gradually thickening towards the top. Disk florets yellow surrounded by a conspicuous whorl of spreading, broadly rounded orange-red ray-florets.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Derivation of specific name

peruviana: Peruvian, of Peru, S America.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

Worldwide distribution

Native from Mexico to Brazil, Peru and Bolivia. Known as a weed in Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Botswana, Zimbabwe and northern South Africa.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Anaturalised plant, native of Mexico.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Annuals, mostly 30–50(–100) cm. Stems greenish, becoming purplish or yellowish, unbranched or sparingly branched distal to bases, strigose. Leaf blades 3–5-nerved, ovate to elliptic or broadly lanceolate, 25–70 × 8–35 mm, scabrellous. Peduncles 10–50(–70) mm. Involucres narrowly to broadly campanulate, 9–18 × 10–20 mm. Phyllaries obovate to oblong, becoming scarious, glabrous, apices rounded, usually entire or erose, sometimes ciliate. Paleae red to purple or yellow, apices obtuse, erose or subentire. Ray florets 6–15(–21); corollas usually scarlet red or maroon, sometimes yellow, laminae linear to spatulate, 8–25 mm. Disc florets 12–50; corollas yellow, 5–6 mm, lobes ca. 1 mm. Cypselae 7–10 mm, 3-angled (ray) or compressed (disc), ribbed, ciliate; pappi usually of 1 stout awn 4–6 mm (from shoulders of cypselae). 2n = 24.
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Elevation Range

1300-2500 m
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Chrysogonum peruvianum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 920. 1753; Zinnia multiflora Linnaeus
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Zinnia peruviana

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Zinnia peruviana

Zinnia peruviana, common name Peruvian Zinnia, is an annual flowering plant in the family Asteraceae.[1][2][3]

References[edit]

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Notes

Comments

Zinnia peruviana is presumably native in southern Arizona and reported as naturalized in southeastern United States.
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