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Kenkiidae

Kenkiidae is a family of freshwater triclads. Their species can be found sporadically in caves, groundwater, and deep lakes in Central Asia, Far East and North America.[2][3]

Contents

Description

Kenkiidae species have the testicles situated anterior to the pharynx, feature also common in the Dugesiidae and Planariidae. They have an anterior adhesive organ. The inner muscles of the pharynx are divided in two layers. Kenkiidae species are not pigmented and they use to be blind.[2]

Phylogeny

Kenkiidae is the sister group of the family Dendrocoelidae. Both families have an apomorphic anterior adhesive organ.[4][5]

Phylogenetic supertree after Sluys et al., 2009:[5]

Tricladida

Maricola




Cavernicola


Continenticola
Planarioidea

Planariidae




Kenkiidae



Dendrocoelidae




Geoplanoidea

Dugesiidae



Geoplanidae






References

  1. ^ *Tyler S, Schilling S, Hooge M, and Bush LF (comp.) (2006-2012) Turbellarian taxonomic database. Version 1.7 Database
  2. ^ a b Ball, I. R.: A contribution to the phylogeny and biogeography of the freshwater triclads (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria). Biology of the Turbellaria (Edited by: Riser NW and Morse MP). New York: McGraw-Hill New York 1974 , 339-401.
  3. ^ Hyman, L. H. (1937). "Studies on the Morphology, Taxonomy, and Distribution of North American Triclad Turbellaria. VIII. Some Cave Planarians of the United States". Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 56 (4): 457–477. doi:10.2307/3222667.  edit
  4. ^ Sluys, R.; Kawakatsu, M. (2006). "Towards a phylogenetic classification of dendrocoelid freshwater planarians (Platyhelminthes): A morphological and eclectic approach". Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 44 (4): 274. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0469.2006.00371.x.  edit
  5. ^ a b Sluys, R.; Kawakatsu, M.; Riutort, M.; Baguñà, J. (2009). "A new higher classification of planarian flatworms (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida)". Journal of Natural History 43 (29–30): 1763–1777. doi:10.1080/00222930902741669.  edit

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