The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2013). Littorininae Children, 1834. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=153707
- W. F. Ponder and A. Warén. 1988. Appendix: classification of the Caenogastropoda and Heterostropha - a list of the family-group names and higher taxa. Malacological Review Suppl. 4:288-326