The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Abbott, Robert Tucker. 1974. American Seashells: The Marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of North America. 2nd ed. 663
  • H. N. Europe, 4, 240.
  • Millard, V. 1997. Classification of Mollusca: A classification of world wide Mollusca. 1-544
  • Vaught, K. C. / Abbott, Robert T. and Kenneth J. Boss. 1989. A classification of the living Mollusca. xii+195


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