The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • Croll, N.A. 1966. Ecology of Parasites. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA.
  • Engels, D. Chitsulo, L. Montresor, A. & Savioli, L. The global epidemiological situation of schistosomiasis and new approaches to control and research. Acta Tropica 82, 139-146 (2002). DOI 10.1016/S0001-706X(02)00045-1
  • Gryseels, B. Polman, K. Clerinx, J. & Kestens, L. Human schistosomiasis. The Lancet 368, 1106-1118 (2006). DOI 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69440-3
  • Hickman, Cleveland P. & Larry S. Roberts. 1995. Animal Diversity. Wm. C. Brown Publishers. Dubuque, IA.
  • Jones, Arthur W. 1967. Introduction to Parasitology. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Reading, MA.
  • Meyer, Marvin C. & O. Wilford Olsen. 1975. Essential of Parasitology (2nd edition). W.M.C. Brown Co. Publishers. Dubuque IA.
  • Noble, Elmer R. & Glenn A. Noble. 1982. Parasitology: The Biology of Animal Parasites (5th edition). Lea & Febiger. Philadelphia.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Smyth, J.D. 1962. Introduction to Animal Parasitology. English Universities Press LTD. London.
  • Southgate, V. Rollinson, D. Tchuente, L.T. & Hagan, P. Towards Control of Schistosomiasis in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Helminthology 79, 181-185 (2005). DOI 10.1079/JOH2005307
  • Trager, Willian. 1986. Living Together: Biology of Animal Parasitism. Plenum Press. New York.


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